Spanish Riding School 2005 American Tour

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Wednesday, October 26, 2005

"Lipizzan": What does the breed's name mean?

Many people identify the Spanish Riding School horses as Lipizzans bred in Austria at the Piber federal stud but that has not always been the case. The ancestral home of the breed has always been at the town of Lipica (also known by the Italian name Lipizza) in the region known as Karst.

Horse breeding has been a tradition in the Karst since Roman times. The region was once part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire ruled from Vienna and control over it has changed many times after many wars in the past 500 years. The Imperial Court at Vienna preferred horses bred at Lipica and the first Spanish horses were sent there in 1580 to form the basis of the new breed to be known as Lipizzans.

After World War II, Karst became part of the conglomerate of regions known as Yugoslavia. When Yugoslavia broke up, Karst became part of Slovenia.


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